|Two Types of Safety Awareness
1. Environmental Safety Awareness
Typically we tend to think of Safety Awareness as being enviornmental. Environmental Safety Awareness is the knowledge of hazards in the environment and the proper tools, systems and training of procedures to avoid them. Unfortunately, no matter how well resourced or skilfully and professionally implemented, good safety systems often appear to fail.
Human error and non-compliance are usually the reason an organisation's safety or quality systems do not achieve anticipated results. Safety compliance is paramount to the success of any safety system. Many human error accidents and injuries are due to unsafe workplace attitude and behavioural factors (Psychological Safety Awareness), rather than 'environmental factors', like safety education, knowledge, safety skills or systems deficiencies.
2. Psychological Safety Awareness
Psychological Safety Awareness is comprised of the thinking constructs that determine an individual's perceptions, judgment and awareness of their personal ability and responsibility to avoid risks by managing hazards in the environment.
While developments in workplace safety training, enhanced procedural initiatives, and systems approaches have achieved excellent results, it is not generally understood that the greatest challenge continues to be understanding and eliminating human error incidents. Human error (perceptual distortion, fatigue/distraction, error of judgment, etc) is directly responsible for the majority of accidents, injuries and safety or quality systems failures today. Safety risk experts predict between 91% and 96% of all incidents involve some element of human error.